UN calls the right to anonymous internet connection

Publié par Guillaume Champeau, le Lundi 08 Juin 2015

The UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye, requires governments to waive laws that require telecommunications operators and online services to meet the identity actual customers.

There are some days Numerama reported the conclusion of a UN report, which is a data encryption human right, under the right of individuals to respect for their private lives, which is sometimes essential to the enjoyment of freedom of expression. There are cases where you do feel free to express themselves only when one knows that one can not be identified. The same is true for the freedom of correspondence; sometimes we do not feel free to communicate with a caller when you have the belief that trade will not be intercepted and read by third parties.
But there is another aspect spent more unnoticed the report, which goes completely against the grain of the States to put priority on safety requirements by giving investigators the resources to investigate. The UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye, indeed demand that Internet users and users of mobile phone services can connect anonymously to the network without having to deliver their true identity.
« The prohibition of online anonymity interfere with the right to freedom of expression, » condemns David Kaye, who notes that « many states prohibit independent of any specific interest to the government. » If he first spoke of situations in which the laws require websites to gather the real identity of users who publish content online, the Special Rapporteur of the United Nations also raised the issue of the anonymity of the connection to networks, whether having to provide an ID to use a computer in an Internet café, or disclose his name and address to have access to internet or mobile package.
« Governments often require SIM cards records » with the actual identity, while « such policies undermine anonymity, especially for those who access the Internet only through mobile technology. »
« Mandatory registration of the SIM card may provide governments with the ability to monitor individuals and journalists well beyond the legitimate interest of a government. »
In France, the postal code and electronic communications requires operators to keep « the information identifying the user », which is understood (wrongly?) As an implicit obligation to ensure the real identity a client before allowing it to connect to a communications network. The principle is experienced as obvious as it underlies the Hadopi law, which allows to criminally condemn the internet access used to hack holder, which would have been negligent characterized in the implementation of the means of security. But nothing formally oblige operators to collect the real identity of the internet.
If they do it to bill customers, the question arises in the case of prepaid SIM cards and free wireless access. It seems that this is excessive zeal that operators take copies of identity cards or other passports.
The CNIL also recalled in his practice sheet on Internet cafes and other Wi-Fi hot-spots « Internet café in question is not obliged to identify and preserve the identity of its customers to provide a connection (eg .. open wifi) It must keep only the technical connection data, however, it chose to proceed with the prior identification of users by having them fill out a registration form, for example, it has the the obligation to retain data for a year.  »



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